Architects design private and public buildings and other structures. These professionals meet with clients and construction teams to discuss design plans, land survey information, and construction schedules. Architects often use computer-aided design (CAD) software to draft building plans, which they must submit for city or state approval. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) indicates that individuals typically earn bachelor's or master's degrees in architecture prior to starting the architect training and licensure process. The paid internship training process takes around three years to complete in most states, after which individuals should be eligible to take licensure exams. Some states may have additional education, training, or licensure requirements.
|Required Education||Bachelor of Architecture (professional degree), or master's degree in architecture|
|Other Requirements||Completion of a training internship; acquiring state licensure|
|Projected Job Growth (2012-2022)||+17%*|
|Average Salary (2013)||Architects, except landscape and naval: $79, 650*|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Aspiring architects can begin their professional education as early as high school. Courses in art, mathematics, physics, history, social sciences, business and computer science can lay the groundwork for a career in architecture. Additionally, some schools of architecture offer summer programs for high school students.
At the college level, there are more than 100 architecture schools recognized by the National Architectural Accrediting Board. These schools offer at least one of the two degrees that can help qualify a student for licensure, including the 5-year Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch.) and the Master of Architecture (M.Arch.), which can last from 1-5 years, depending on a student's prior education. Coursework in typical architecture programs focuses on building design, computer-aided design and drafting, math and physical sciences. Doctoral degrees in architecture also are available.
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